ISSN 0970-7700
 

Review Article 


Ida and Pingala-a neuroanatomical evidence based appraisal.

Rakesh Narayanan V, Amitabha Mapdar, Ashwathykutty V, Naresh Jain.

Abstract
Introduction: The life force inside the human body is called Prana and according to Ayurveda and Yoga, this life force flows through structures called Nadi. Among the thousands of Nadi, two i.e. Ida and Pingala are most important in the present context.
Materials and Methods: Literature relating to Ida and Pingala from various literatures of Yoga and Ayurveda and published research papers relating to Unilateral Forced Nasal Breathing were reviewed to compare the relation between the two.
Observations: Ida is dominant on the left side of the body and Pingala on the right side. Also because of the relationship of Ida and Pingala to left and right nostril respectively, left nostril breathing activates Ida and right nostril breathing activates Pingala. Since many physiological functions such as heart rate, oxygenation of the blood etc. are directly related to the respiration, the control of breathing can directly influence these functions. Also, the contra lateral control of body activities by the brain and the lateralization of the brain in terms of functional anatomy show that unilateral breathing through one nostril can influence the selective activation of the contra lateral brain half thereby altering body functions. Conclusions: The treatment modality of Unilateral Forced Nasal Breathing can be correlated to the concept of Ida and Pingala described in Ayurvedic and Yogic literature.

Key words: Ida, Pingala, Nadi, Nasal cycle, Unilateral Forced Nasal Breathing.


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Rakesh Narayanan V
Articles by Amitabha Mapdar
Articles by Ashwathykutty V
Articles by Naresh Jain
on Google
on Google Scholar


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

V RN, Mapdar A, V A, Jain N. Ida and Pingala-a neuroanatomical evidence based appraisal.. J Res Educ Indian Med . Online First: 03 Oct, 2019. doi:10.5455/JREIM.82-1454493118


Web Style

V RN, Mapdar A, V A, Jain N. Ida and Pingala-a neuroanatomical evidence based appraisal.. https://www.jreim-ayushjournal.com/?mno=217309 [Access: September 14, 2023]. doi:10.5455/JREIM.82-1454493118


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

V RN, Mapdar A, V A, Jain N. Ida and Pingala-a neuroanatomical evidence based appraisal.. J Res Educ Indian Med . Online First: 03 Oct, 2019. doi:10.5455/JREIM.82-1454493118



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

V RN, Mapdar A, V A, Jain N. Ida and Pingala-a neuroanatomical evidence based appraisal.. J Res Educ Indian Med , [cited September 14, 2023]; Online First: 03 Oct, 2019. doi:10.5455/JREIM.82-1454493118



Harvard Style

V, R. N., Mapdar, . A., V, . A. & Jain, . N. (0) Ida and Pingala-a neuroanatomical evidence based appraisal.. J Res Educ Indian Med , Online First: 03 Oct, 2019. doi:10.5455/JREIM.82-1454493118



Turabian Style

V, Rakesh Narayanan, Amitabha Mapdar, Ashwathykutty V, and Naresh Jain. 0. Ida and Pingala-a neuroanatomical evidence based appraisal.. Journal of Research and Education in Indian Medicine, Online First: 03 Oct, 2019. doi:10.5455/JREIM.82-1454493118



Chicago Style

V, Rakesh Narayanan, Amitabha Mapdar, Ashwathykutty V, and Naresh Jain. "Ida and Pingala-a neuroanatomical evidence based appraisal.." Journal of Research and Education in Indian Medicine Online First: 03 Oct, 2019. doi:10.5455/JREIM.82-1454493118



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

V, Rakesh Narayanan, Amitabha Mapdar, Ashwathykutty V, and Naresh Jain. "Ida and Pingala-a neuroanatomical evidence based appraisal.." Journal of Research and Education in Indian Medicine Online First: 03 Oct, 2019. Web. 14 Sep 2023 doi:10.5455/JREIM.82-1454493118



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

V, R. N., Mapdar, . A., V, . A. & Jain, . N. (0) Ida and Pingala-a neuroanatomical evidence based appraisal.. Journal of Research and Education in Indian Medicine, Online First: 03 Oct, 2019. doi:10.5455/JREIM.82-1454493118